Planting grass seed is much more affordable than laying sod to establish a new lawn. If you want a green lawn in the spring, fall is the best time to plant your seeds.
All you need is some soil preparation, grass seed and water.
Test soil pH levels. Follow instructions on the kit. Levels should be between 6.0 and 7.5. If the pH is lower than 6.0, the soil is acidic. This can be corrected by adding lime. If pH levels are higher than 7.5, the soil is too alkaline. You will need to add peat moss or sulfur.
Prepare soil for planting. Use a shovel and rake to remove any large rocks in the area.
If soil pH balances are not where they need to be, add lime (for acidic soil) with a walk-behind spreader, If soil was too alkaline, use a shovel to spread peat moss over the area. For very alkaline soil, spread sulfur using the walk-behind spreader.
Then add starter fertilizer to the soil in the planting area. Use a tiller to till the
the ground and mix the additives into your soil. You can also use a rake to spread the fertilizer and additives.
Seed the area Using the walk-behind spreader, spread seed evenly over entire planting area.
Give entire area a deep watering.