After a season of cold temperatures, plants are ready to sprout new leaves and perhaps flowers upon the arrival of spring's warmer temperatures and longer days. Getting plants ready for growth means giving them room to do it--and that means re-potting. Fresh potting medium and a larger container coupled with the proper technique will give any plant the best start for the spring season.
Select a new container to house the plant. (It should only be 1 to 2 inches larger in depth and diameter than its current container).
Select the proper soil for the plant. Choose a coarse-textured soil mix, one that allows for good drainage and root development, for fleshy-rooted plants. Choose a fine-textured soil-less mix for fine-rooted plants.
Remove the plant from its container. Place the container on its side and gently work the plant out of the pot. Insert a knife inside the pot and slide it around to loosen the plant.
Use your hands to pull straight any coiled roots at the bottom of the plant and then cut them with a sharp knife.
Fill the new container with 2 to 3 inches of fresh potting soil. Center the root ball of the plant on top of the soil. Add soil around the side of the plant. Cover until the pot is filled to within 1 inch of the pot's rim. Use your fingers to tamp down the soil. Water the plant thoroughly.