A gardener with a thriving pepper patch may decide to preserve some pepper seeds to use to grow future pepper plants. Preserving pepper seeds is a worthwhile activity for gardeners who enjoy experiencing the entire process of gardening from start to finish. After a short drying period, the pepper seeds will be ready to store for the next growing season. Imagine the satisfaction after you plant your own homegrown pepper seeds.
Select any fully mature pepper specimen from the garden and take it inside to the kitchen.
Place the pepper in the colander and wash the pepper under cool water.
Line a baking sheet with two layers of paper towels for drying the pepper seeds.
Place the gloves onto your hands if you are handling a hot pepper to protect your skin from the hot seeds.
Set the pepper onto the cutting board and slice it in half from top to bottom to expose the center of the pepper.
Remove the seeds gently from the insides of the peppers. Place the seeds immediately onto the prepared baking sheet. Work until you remove every seed you desire from the center of the pepper.
Spread the pepper seeds out into a single layer on the baking sheet so they do not touch each other.
Place the baking sheet in a warm and dry location with ample air circulation to dry the seeds. Allow the seeds to dry in this spot for approximately one week.
Check the seeds after five days elapses. Try to bend a seed between your fingers. If it snaps, the seeds are sufficiently dry. If the seed merely bends, the seeds are not dry yet. Dry the seeds for two more days and check them again.
Place the seeds into a plastic container and seal the lid. Label the container with the contents and save the seeds for planting next spring.