When most of the leaves have fallen from the trees and the temperatures are dropping, many November-blooming flowers are in full bloom to light up the landscape with their bright colors. Grown in a wide range of sizes, textures and shapes, November flowers extend the garden "show" into winter, making for another reason to work in the garden, despite the cool climate. Tucked along a garden path or border, November flowers create a showy garden display.
Tatarian aster (Aster tataricus) is a perennial flower within the genus aster. Flowering longer than any other aster, tatarian aster brings a splash of color to November. Growing 6 to 10 feet high and 1 to 3 feet wide, tatarian aster has 1-inch wide purple flowers that are a butterfly attractant. The spreading growth habit and height makes the tatarian aster ideal planted as the backdrop of the perennial flowerbed. Tatarian aster withstands a wide range of soil types, including wet clay and dry sandy soils, making for an adaptable perennial to grow. The large flowers of the tatarian aster are also ideal for fresh cut bouquets because of their long-lasting qualities. Tatarian asters require full sun to part shade and well-drained soil to thrive. They also require room to grow, so plant accordingly. The USDA Hardiness Zones for planting are 3 to 9.
Pansies, also called violets (Viola), are part of a large genus that includes annuals, biennials and perennials. Blooming in November, pansies provide constant color to the garden. Known for their bright and colorful "faces," pansy flowerheads are 5-petaled and consist of one lower petal and two upper and lateral petals. Growing 8 to 12 inches tall, pansies are ideal planted in containers or nestled along a front flowerbed or rock garden. Pansies grow in a rainbow of colors, including blue, white, yellow and crimson. Frost-tolerant, pansies bloom into late winter and are a staple to any cold weather landscape. Pansies require full sun to part shade and well-drained, fertile soils. The zones for planting are 3 to 9.
Sedum 'Autumn Joy' (Sedum 'Autumn Joy'), also known as stonecrop, is a perennial flower with a moderate growth rate and clumping growth habit. Flowering in November, stonecrop produces a sea of deep pink to copper blooms. A butterfly attractant, stonecrop grows 1 to 3 feet tall and can be divided in spring to grow in other areas of the garden. The succulent stems of autumn joy sedum are bright green and soft to touch, making for a bright contrast to the pink blooms. Tucked into a cottage garden or used along a garden border, stonecrop creates a long-lasting display. Stonecrop requires full sun to part shade and fertile, moist soil. Versatile, stonecrop can withstand drier soils, if needed. The zones for planting are 3 to 11.