Grass lawns provide a surface for human activities and pets. Lawn grass also serves to cool the soil and reduce erosion. Many types of lawn grasses reproduce by forming seeds that germinate into new plants. Some varieties of grass, including Bermuda grass (Cynodon spp.), spread with the help of rhizomes. These underground stems travel from the parent plants, sending up shoots that develop into new clusters of grass. Plant this hearty variety of grass in your landscape to form a thick mat of living carpet.
Plant your Bermuda seed in sunny locations for best results. This grass tolerates partial shade but thrives in bright light. Pull out any existing weeds found growing in your planting site. Get rid of the weeds before they form seed heads. Use a roto-tiller to break up the soil and loosen the topsoil. Increase the porosity in heavy clay soils with some compost. Till the compost into the soil to form a smooth mixture. Rake the surface until smooth and level.
Choose a calm, dry day for planting grass seed. Spread your Bermuda grass seed over the prepared soil with a commercial seed broadcaster. Rent one of these small machines from your local gardening center or hardware rental agency. Set the spreader gauge to apply about one-half of a pound of grass seed per 100 feet of ground. Apply an even layer of seed by walking in a uniform pattern, back and forth, over the entire length of your site.
Press your Bermuda seeds into the surface of the soil with a seed roller. Press the soil by rolling the machine over the site in the same pattern as you spread the seed, avoiding excess traffic over the new grass seed. Keep pets and children off your new grass while it begins to grow.
Apply a fine mist of water over your planted seeds with your garden hose. Thoroughly dampen the soil with water. Keep the soil slightly moist at all times during germination. Depending on your climate, your lawn may require several, light watering throughout the day. Reduce the amount of water after the majority of the seeds reach about an inch in height across your lawn. Keep the soil slightly moist at the level near the roots. Check this by inserting a finger into your lawn before watering. Soil that feels cool and moist contains enough dampness for your Bermuda grass. Soil that appears dry and crumbly near the roots requires water.