Wheat is a fundamental part of diets throughout many world cultures. From soy sauce to cinnamon rolls, wheat plays a central role on the dinner table. Growing wheat from seeds is an art that has been studied and adapted for many generations. Spelt, an ancient type of wheat, is believed to be the original grain cultivated by humans and is a popular health food for its high levels of nutrients. Plant scientists have identified over 30,000 species of wheat with primary classification based on soft or hard kernels.
Find the best location to plant your wheat. Most wheat varieties require eight or more hours of sunlight a day and well-draining soil. Wheat must be planted one to two weeks before the first frost in fall and left in the ground over winter. The cold temperatures spark the germination process, which takes about six months, and ensure healthy growth in spring.
Add a 2- to 3-inch layer of manure or compost to dirt and thoroughly mix into topsoil.
Broadcast seeds evenly across the planting area by moving your wrist in a semicircle when throwing. Your goal is to have about 25 seeds per square foot.
Finely rake the seeds into the soil with long, controlled motions. Rake the top 1 to 2 inches of soil and take care not to bury the seeds too deep.
Water seeds immediately after planting by soaking the ground with an open hose. Continue to water once a month during the growing season.
Harvest when seeds are hard and stalks are golden yellow, usually in mid to late summer. Cut wheat plants with a sharp knife and leave a 2- to 3-inch stubble.