The pineapple (Ananas comosus), a herbaceous perennial, grows up to 5 feet in height with a 4 foot spread when planted in a tropical location. Pineapples will also thrive in a temperate climate but rarely attain such a large size. The plant produces a rosette shape of strap-like leaves that have a waxy appearance. Propagation for planting is attained when the fruit heads slip off the stalks beneath the fruit head, suckers and ratoons that form from the underground stem of the plant according to the California Rare Fruit Growers Organization. Most home gardeners utilize the crown of the fruit to plant by twisting it off the fruit.
Plant the pineapple plant in dirt deep enough to cover the fruit part completely in a location that offers full sunlight. The south facing garden area is ideal.
Add abundant organic matter such as peat moss, leaf debris or aged manure into the garden soil so it feels crumbly. The pineapple enjoys slightly acidic soil with a pH of 4.5 to 6.5. If soil lacks sufficient acid then add sulfur to the soil at a ratio needed to creat the ideal pH. Plant the pineapple only in well-draining soil. The plant will not tolerate standing water or prolonged wet roots.
Water the soil to keep it moist but not overly wet. The pineapple plant can withstand drought conditions once established.
Apply 1 to 2 ounces of fertilizer every 8 weeks to young pineapple plants. Use a 10-10-10 general purpose granulated fertilizer. Increase the fertilizer as the plant grows according to the directions on the label.
Spray a foliar fertilizer spray that contains zinc and manganese onto the foliage of the pineapple plant. Spray it four times per year.
Remove all grass 5 feet around the pineapple plant. Mulch the area using peat moss or bark chips to keep weed growth down and also help the soil retain moisture. Apply a 2 to 6 inch layer of mulch around the plant. Avoid using a weed eater or lawn mower around the pineapple plant because its foliage and root system is easily damaged according to the University of Florida.