Starting plants in pots is a great way to get a head start on your garden. Pots allow you to grow your plants indoors or in a controlled environment until the outdoor conditions become favorable for your plants to thrive. Careful preparations must be made when removing flowers or plants from their pots for transplanting. Too much root disturbance can set a plant back for a long time or even kill it. Certain steps must be completed first so the plant spends as little time as possible out of its pot.
Prepare plants for the transplant process by setting them outside one to two weeks before transplanting them into the soil. Set them in a shady location so they can slowly get used to the increased light levels.
Soak a plant two days before removing it from the pot. This ensures the soil stays attached to the roots when transplanting.
Dig a planting hole that is one to two times wider than the pot and just as deep.
Turn the pot upside down and gently let the plant and soil slide out of the pot. If sufficiently moist, the soil will stay in the shape of a pot and stay attached to the roots.
Place the plant into the planting hole and backfill the soil around the plant. Ensure the soil is at the same level as it was in the pot.
Tamp the soil down to remove any air pockets and add more soil if necessary.
Water thoroughly until the soil is moist. This will help remove any air bubbles that are in the soil.
Continue to keep the soil moist around the plant for one to two weeks so the plant has the opportunity to establish itself in your yard.
Fertilize as appropriate for your particular kind of plant.