How to Grow a Musa Banana Plant


Plants in the musa family include all bananas and plantains. Some species of musa plants reach heights of 12 to 15 feet and need 10 to 15 months without frost to fruit. Most species of musa bananas grow best in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11 but some varieties, such as the musa yunnan, will survive in zone 6. Ask your local nursery for the best variety to grow in your area. The large flat leaves of the musa banana are ideal for shade around a pool or patio.

Step 1

Dig a hole that is 18 inches wide and 15 inches deep.

Step 2

Mix the soil from your planting hole with two shovels of rich, well-rotted compost.

Step 3

Hold your banana over the planting hole so that the base of the stem is about 1 inch lower then surrounding soil.

Step 4

Fill in under the root ball with the compost and soil mixture until the plant sits on the soil in the bottom of the hole.

Step 5

Fill in around the root ball and pat down the soil. Water the area to a depth of 5 inches.

Step 6

Water your musa banana every 2 to 3 days. Use a slow soaker setting on a hose and leave the water on the plant for 20 minutes.

Step 7

Fertilize once a month using a balanced fertilizer that contains equal parts nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. Check the package to determine the right dilution and application.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Coarse sand
  • Fertilizer


  • California Rare Fruit Growers: Musa Banana Fruit Facts
  • Purdue University: Banana
  • University of Florida: Banana Growing in the Home Landscape

Who Can Help

  • National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Keywords: fruit trees, tropical fruits, growing bananas

About this Author

Olivia Parker has been a freelance writer with Demand Studios for the past year, writing for Garden Guides and eHow. She has studied herbal and alternative medicine and worked as a landscape artist and gardener. Parker is currently pursuing a Bachelors of Arts from Boston University Online.