The peach tree is a deciduous tree that is native to China. The tree blooms in the spring with pink flowers. The flesh of the peach is white to pink in color, and sweet. Its peel is fuzzy and orange to red in color. Peaches can be difficult to grow, even under the best conditions. Peach trees are prone to disease, such as brown rot and leaf curl.
Choose a location for your peach trees that gets full sunlight throughout the day with well-drained soil. Do not choose a location that will get shade from buildings or other trees. Peaches will not produce without full sunlight.
Use a soil test kit to test the soil where you want to plant your trees. The pH of the soil should be around 6.5. If the pH is too high, you should start by adding 800 pounds of sulfur per acre. If the soil is too low, add 50 pounds of lime per square foot of soil. Test the soil again before you plant your peaches. Apply more sulfur or lime if the pH is still off.
Dig a hole 2 feet deep and 2 to 3 feet in diameter. Place the peach tree down into the hole so that it is sitting upright and not leaning to one side. Have someone stand back from the tree while you are holding it to make sure it is straight. Fill the hole in with dirt that was removed when you dug the hole. Pack the dirt down around the base of the tree. Place the trees 18 feet apart to allow for proper growth.
Apply 8 oz. of 10-10-10 fertilizer approximately one week after planting your trees. The fertilizer should be applied 12 inches from the base of the tree in a circle surrounding the bottom. When applied to close, the fertilizer can burn the roots of the tree. Apply the fertilizer again 40 days after planting.
Place 6 inches of organic mulch at the base of the tree. The mulch will hold water and control weeds. Remove the old mulch and replace it with new mulch every spring. This will help prevent disease such as root rot.
Water your newly planted peach trees with 3 gallons of water per tree, per day. Increase this amount by an inch of water per day during extremely hot or drought conditions.