The cherry tree is a deciduous tree that produces a small, crimson, stone fruit. The tree blooms in early spring with pink flowers, and the fruit matures in early summer. Cherries are used in many different things, such as tarts, pies, jams and salads. The cherry tree is fairly easy to grow, under the right conditions. It is not usually susceptible to disease, but the berries do attract wildlife.
Choose an area with well-drained soil to plant your trees. The trees should also get at least eight hours of full sun a day. The trees should be planted in an area that does not receive a lot of cold air at night.
Use a soil test kit to test the soil before you plant your cherry trees. The pH of the soil should be between 6.2 to 6.8. If the pH is too low you should add 50 lbs. of lime for every 1,000 square feet of soil. Apply an application of sulfur if the pH is too high. Use 400 lbs. of sulfur per acre.
Dig a hole 2 to 3 feet deep and at least 18 inches around. Set the root ball of the cherry tree into the hole. Step back away from the tree to make sure it is level and not leaning to one side before you bury the roots. Fill the hole up with the removed dirt. Mix in 1 lb. of organic mulch or manure to ensure the trees will have plenty of nutrients.
Water your tree with 2 to 3 inches of water immediately after planting. Keep the roots moist by watering with at least an inch of water every day. Water is required to produce cherries.
Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch at the base of the tree. Spread the mulch out at least 2 feet from the base of the cherry tree. This will help keep the tree moist and will help control weeds.
Harvest your cherries as soon as they are ripe. Ripe cherries will be crimson red in color and still firm. They will store for a few days in a cool place, such as the crisper in the refrigerator.