Located on the River Seine in the Northern part of France, Paris is the country's proud capital. Paris is one of the most popular vacation sites in the world. The city receives nearly 45 million tourists every year. There are many attractions in Paris such as Champs-Élysées, Montparnasse, Place de la Bastille, Quartier Latin and the Eiffel Tower. Flowers grow abundantly all over Paris and add to the backdrop of the historical city.
The iris is a showy, flowering plant that can grow 4 to 5 feet in height. The flowers range in color from yellow to purple. The Greek word for iris means rainbow. There are more than 300 species of iris flowers, and most of them are hybrids. The fleur-de-lis, a stylized iris, is the national symbol of France. Louis the VII adopted it as the country's symbol in the 12th century. The iris is extremely fragrant and often used in perfumes.
The rosemary bush is an evergreen shrub that produces flowers in the spring and summer. This flower is often grown for its essence, which is used in perfume. Rosemary is a member of the mint family and has highly fragrant leaves.
Gourdon flowers are a purple wildflower that are plentiful throughout Paris. They originally got their name in Gourdon, France where they can be seen cascading down walls. These flowers grow naturally in the area.
The lily is a large, showy, flowering plant that has more than 100 different species. Lilies come is many different colors, including white, pink, plum, yellow, orange and red. The lily is grown all over parts of Paris and France and is used quite often in flower arrangements.
Roses were imported from Holland and Belgium into France and are now grown in abundance in Paris. The cabbage rose is a common hybrid that was established in the region in the 16th century. Rose extract usually comes from the cabbage rose and is used frequently in perfume. Empress Josephine of France had a love for roses and had many different varieties of roses in her garden. France became the reference country for roses in the 19th century.