Pear trees not only produce edible fruit, but they also decorate a landscape with white flowers in the spring. While most gardeners purchase pear trees from nurseries, they can be grown from seeds straight from the pear. It may take several years to get fruit from your seed-started pear tree, but if you enjoy gardening and have plenty of patience, starting a pear tree from a seed is an enjoyable project.
Gather your pear seeds from the inside of a ripe, fresh pear. Put them in a colander and rinse them off under lukewarm running water.
Place the seeds in a jar of lukewarm water and leave it on the counter at room temperature for 24 hours. The seeds that are viable and have the best chance of germination will sink to the bottom, while seeds that are not viable will float to the top. Clear off the top floating seeds and discard, then strain the viable seeds.
Fill an 8-inch pot to within a few inches of the top with moist seed starter potting soil and pack it down firmly. Press the pear seeds into the soil, and then cover tightly with another inch of soil.
Place the pot in a plastic bag and seal the bag, then put the covered pot in a refrigerator and leave it alone for 90 days.
Pull the pot from the refrigerator and set in a warm, light area. Keep the soil moist, but leave the plastic bag around the pot until the seeds sprout.
Separate the seedlings into their own pots when they have their first set of true leaves. Harden off the seedlings by setting the pots outside for about 10 days, then move the seedlings into the ground. Select a growing site that receives full sun and has well-drained soil.