Miniature roses are desirable primarily for their dainty blooms. They are smaller versions of their full-size cousins, and range in height from 3 to 18 inches. They are commonly planted in containers and given as gifts, and are also cultivated as indoor plants. Others are planted in the ground and cared for as outdoor rose bushes. Care of these roses, which are descended from one dwarf rose, does not require anything other than basic culture. Although delicate-looking, these plants are hardy if grown in the proper conditions.
Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil. Make sure the flowers will not be hidden by other plants, as they are quite short. For this reason, miniature roses planted in the ground make excellent border plants. Make sure nearby plants do not cast shade on the roses.
Water your mini rose deeply, at least 1 to 2 inches of water per week. Use a slow drip, such as that from a drip hose, to ensure deep watering.
Place a 2- or 3-inch layer of mulch around the miniature rose bush to conserve moisture. In the spring, fertilize the rose when it starts to bloom, then again when the rose's blooms are at their peak. Use a fertilizer made for roses, and follow the directions according to the size of your plant.
Pluck off wilted flowers throughout the growing season, and prune away any dead or broken canes as you see them.
Partially cover the rose in the fall to protect it during the winter. Use a mound of soil and leaves. Uncover it in the spring.
Indoor Container Care
Place your miniature rose where it will receive direct sunlight. A minimum of ive to six hours of sunlight is needed. A west- or south-facing window works well, but be sure to rotate your plant occasionally so all sides are exposed to the sunlight.
Keep the rose away from drafts, both warm and cold, and keep the temperatures steady at between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water your mini rose enough so that the soil is moist but not soggy or waterlogged, which can lead to root rot. Test the soil with your finger. If the surface is drying out (or already dry), it's time to water. Empty the water catch tray as soon as the plant's pot stops draining.
Feed the rose with an all-purpose rose fertilizer every other week when the plant is in bloom. Monitor for insect pests and use an insecticidal soap when necessary.
About this Author
April Sanders has been a professional writer since 1998. Previously, she worked as an educator and currently writes academic research content for EBSCO publishing and elementary reading curriculum for Compass Publishing. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in social psychology from the University of Washington and a master's degree in information sciences and technology in education from Mansfield University.