Bamboo Plant Care Instructions


Throughout the world bamboo( Phyllostachys) is grown as an ornamental grass, screen, barrier, for food, construction, woodworking, crafts, flooring and even to use for building musical instruments according to the American Bamboo Society. The plants size ranges from 1 foot to over 100 feet in height. Growth ranges from 1 to 5 feet per year depending on variety. The root system of the bamboo is fibrous and either clumping in character or running. All varieties spread on underground rhizomes. Plant bamboo yearly in temperate climates and in late spring or early summer in cold regions.

Step 1

Plant bamboo in an area that offers at least five hours of sunlight per day. Full sunlight conditions are ideal.

Step 2

Mix ample organic matter such as peat moss, leaf debris, aged manure or bark chips into the soil until it has a crumbling consistency. Bamboo prefers an acid loamy soil according to the American Bamboo Society.

Step 3

Space bamboo plants at least 3 to 5 feet apart. Plant the rhizomes 2 inches deep. Spread a thick 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch over the rhizomes. Use peat moss, bark chips or leaf debris. The rhizomes require shading from the suns intense heat.

Step 4

Water bamboo regularly. Keep the plants moist but not water logged.

Step 5

Dig a 10 inch deep barrier around the bamboo plants to prevent their unwanted spread. Watch the trench closely to make sure no rhizomes have grown into its depth. If you see rhizomes promptly remove them.

Step 6

Fertilize using a 21-5-6 lawn fertilizer. Apply according to the instructions on the label. Fertilize bamboo in the spring and summer.

Things You'll Need

  • 21-5-6 lawn fertilizer
  • Organic matter such as peat moss, leaf debris, aged manure or bark chips
  • Mulch such as peat moss, bark chips or leaf debris
  • Shovel


  • American Bamboo Society: Planting and Care
  • Texas Bamboo Society
  • Tropical Bamboo: About Bamboo

Who Can Help

  • American Bamboo Society of Southern California: Bamboo 101
Keywords: bamboo planting, bamboo care, bamboo growth, growing bamboo

About this Author

Kimberly Sharpe is a freelance writer with a diverse background. She has worked as a Web writer for the past four years. She writes extensively for Associated Content where she is both a featured home improvement contributor (with special emphasis on gardening) and a parenting contributor. She also writes for Helium. She has worked professionally in the animal care and gardening fields.