Throughout the world bamboo( Phyllostachys) is grown as an ornamental grass, screen, barrier, for food, construction, woodworking, crafts, flooring and even to use for building musical instruments according to the American Bamboo Society. The plants size ranges from 1 foot to over 100 feet in height. Growth ranges from 1 to 5 feet per year depending on variety. The root system of the bamboo is fibrous and either clumping in character or running. All varieties spread on underground rhizomes. Plant bamboo yearly in temperate climates and in late spring or early summer in cold regions.
Plant bamboo in an area that offers at least five hours of sunlight per day. Full sunlight conditions are ideal.
Mix ample organic matter such as peat moss, leaf debris, aged manure or bark chips into the soil until it has a crumbling consistency. Bamboo prefers an acid loamy soil according to the American Bamboo Society.
Space bamboo plants at least 3 to 5 feet apart. Plant the rhizomes 2 inches deep. Spread a thick 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch over the rhizomes. Use peat moss, bark chips or leaf debris. The rhizomes require shading from the suns intense heat.
Water bamboo regularly. Keep the plants moist but not water logged.
Dig a 10 inch deep barrier around the bamboo plants to prevent their unwanted spread. Watch the trench closely to make sure no rhizomes have grown into its depth. If you see rhizomes promptly remove them.
Fertilize using a 21-5-6 lawn fertilizer. Apply according to the instructions on the label. Fertilize bamboo in the spring and summer.