Landscape fabric is a permeable fabric that you lay on the ground under landscape stones or mulch. It prevents weeds from germinating in your garden beds by blocking sunlight from reaching the soil and also prevents any germinating seeds from pushing through the fabric. Moisture easily passes through the fabric to the desired plants in your garden bed. To install landscape fabric, you'll need a few common household tools.
Prepare your garden bed. Rake the area to remove sticks, rocks and other sharp debris.
Unroll the landscape fabric over your garden bed. Cut with a utility knife or scissors and trim it to follow the curve of your bed.
Cut a slit in the landscape fabric where existing plants are. You can then pull the fabric over the plants. Trim the fabric as necessary to accommodate the stems of the plants.
Secure the landscape fabric to the ground with garden staples. Only use enough staples to keep the landscape fabric secure until you can cover it with mulch or stones.
Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch or your favorite garden stones over the landscape fabric.