How to Grow Green Vegetables


Growing green vegetables is not difficult. Most green vegetables need full or partial sun---at least four to five hours of sun per day. Some green vegetables, like green leafy vegetables, are often best planted via direct seeding. Other green vegetables, like green peppers and cucumbers, may benefit from being started in protected conditions indoors. The method you choose will depend on the type of vegetables you want to grow.

Direct Seeding

Step 1

Prepare your garden's soil once the risk of hard frost has passed by digging down 8 to 12 inches, turning the soil and breaking up any clumps larger than a pea. The exact date will vary, depending on your climate zone.

Step 2

Make a long row by mounding the soil 3 to 6 inches higher than the surrounding soil. Check the seed packet for advice, as the size and placement of these mounds will vary, depending on the vegetables you are growing.

Step 3

Plant the seeds twice as deep as they are long. If your seed is about 1/8 inch long, plant the seeds 1/4 inch deep. Plant several seeds per hole to increase germination rates.

Step 4

Water your garden. Use a soaker hose to make sure the soil over the seeds does not wash away. With very small seeds, the seeds themselves may wash away with hard watering. Keep your garden moist until the seeds germinate.

Starting Plants Indoors

Step 1

Fill your peat sprouting pots with a sprouting medium like pearlite, vermiculite, peat moss or coconut coir.

Step 2

Place several seeds in each pot. Plant the seeds about twice as deep as they are long. If your seed it 1/4 inch long, plant it 1/2 inch deep.

Step 3

Water your planted seed. The medium should be moist, but not wet.

Step 4

Cover your pot with a plastic bag or plastic wrap to prevent moisture from evaporating from the medium as the seed germinates.

Step 5

Place the sprouting pots in a warm, dark place.

Step 6

Check the moisture levels of the pots every few days. Do not let them dry out.

Step 7

Remove the plastic once the seeds begin to germinate so that it will not interfere with the plants' growth.

Step 8

Begin moving your plant into the sun once you see two fully formed leaves. Give your young plants one hour of sun on the first day. Increase the sun by an hour a day until they can tolerate a full day's sun.

Step 9

Remove the smaller, weaker plants after they have grown enough for you to distinguish the strongest plant. Remove the plants by pulling them up.

Step 10

Once the risk of frost has passed, plant your young seedlings in garden soil prepared in the same way as for direct garden seeding. Use a hand shovel to dig holes about the same size as the peat pots. Plant the peat pots directly in the ground.

Things You'll Need

  • Seeds
  • Shovel
  • Hoe
  • Rake
  • Soaker hose
  • Hand shovel
  • Sprouting medium (optional)
  • Peat sprouting pots (optional)
  • Plastic bag or plastic wrap (optional)


  • Purdue University: Starting Seeds Indoors
  • University of Delaware: Green Leafy Vegetables
Keywords: growing green vegetables, vegetable gardening, how to garden

About this Author

Although he grew up in Latin America, Mr. Ma is a writer based in Denver. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, AP, Boeing, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, RAHCO International, Umax Data Systems and other manufacturers in Taiwan. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota. He speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese, English and reads Spanish.