Orchid hot peppers (Capsicum baccatum) grow in U.S. Hardiness Zones 9 and 10. They require sandy or loamy soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0. The average height is 5 feet, and one plant produces up to 40 hot peppers. Germination to harvest time for orchid hot peppers is 120 to 150 days. Moist soil and a minimum of six hours of full sun produce the highest pepper yield and vigorous plant growth.
Mix one part sand with four parts organic compost in a wheelbarrow.
Dig up the selected planting spot for the orchid hot peppers with a garden till approximately 6 to 8 inches deep. Remove any rocks, twigs and other debris. Pour contents from the wheelbarrow over the planting area. Work into the dirt with garden till.
Level the area with a gardening hoe. Make 2-inch-deep rows that are 6 inches apart.
Place individual orchid hot pepper seedlings 8 inches apart in each row. Fill in the rows and the base of the seedlings with dirt. Lightly tap around the base of each seedling with the gardening hoe.
Spray the newly planted seedlings with 2 inches of water. Use a light garden hose spray to avoid disturbing the roots.
Wait one day. Place a gardening stake next to each seedling. Secure the orchid hot pepper seedling to each gardening stake with a cloth tie for support.
Water the orchid hot peppers weekly with 1 to 3 inches of water. Adjust the ties on the gardening stakes as the plants grow. Apply weekly vegetable liquid fertilizer when blooms emerge on the orchid peppers.