How to Grow Orchid Hot Peppers


Orchid hot peppers (Capsicum baccatum) grow in U.S. Hardiness Zones 9 and 10. They require sandy or loamy soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0. The average height is 5 feet, and one plant produces up to 40 hot peppers. Germination to harvest time for orchid hot peppers is 120 to 150 days. Moist soil and a minimum of six hours of full sun produce the highest pepper yield and vigorous plant growth.

Step 1

Mix one part sand with four parts organic compost in a wheelbarrow.

Step 2

Dig up the selected planting spot for the orchid hot peppers with a garden till approximately 6 to 8 inches deep. Remove any rocks, twigs and other debris. Pour contents from the wheelbarrow over the planting area. Work into the dirt with garden till.

Step 3

Level the area with a gardening hoe. Make 2-inch-deep rows that are 6 inches apart.

Step 4

Place individual orchid hot pepper seedlings 8 inches apart in each row. Fill in the rows and the base of the seedlings with dirt. Lightly tap around the base of each seedling with the gardening hoe.

Step 5

Spray the newly planted seedlings with 2 inches of water. Use a light garden hose spray to avoid disturbing the roots.

Step 6

Wait one day. Place a gardening stake next to each seedling. Secure the orchid hot pepper seedling to each gardening stake with a cloth tie for support.

Step 7

Water the orchid hot peppers weekly with 1 to 3 inches of water. Adjust the ties on the gardening stakes as the plants grow. Apply weekly vegetable liquid fertilizer when blooms emerge on the orchid peppers.

Tips and Warnings

  • Oil from orchid hot pepper plants and pods can cause skin allergies for some people. Handle with care.

Things You'll Need

  • Sand
  • Organic compost
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Garden till
  • Shovel
  • Gardening hoe
  • Orchid pepper seedlings
  • Water
  • Gardening stakes
  • Cloth ties
  • Liquid vegetable fertilizer


  • Backyard Gardener: Capsicum Baccatum (Orchid Pepper)
  • Ecocrop: Capsicum Baccatum var pendulum
Keywords: orchid hot pepper, grow hot peppers, hot pepper growing

About this Author

Lisha Smith writes for several blogs and has freelanced for six years. She has a Bachelor of Arts from UNC-Greensboro in psychology. Smith has self-published several books. Her areas of experience include gardening, cooking, home improvement, pets and mental health.