Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) is a leafy succulent. The leaves grow in rosettes. The young spotted leves turn a solid green as they age. The 2-foot-long leaves are edged with soft spines. Aloe vera has been used for its healing properties for over 2,000 years. The sap from the fat leaves is used to treat burns, scrapes, cuts and rashes. Aloe vera is a cold-sensitive succulent that does not survive cold, wet winters when planted outside. Aloe vera makes a sturdy, long-lived houseplant when cared for properly.
Mix equal parts potting soil and sand. The potting soil gives the aloe vera plant the nutrients it needs, and the sand creates a fast-draining soil mixture. Fill a terra cotta plant pot half full with the mixture.
Remove the aloe vera plant from its small pot. Shake off the soil without bruising or damaging the roots. Trim off the dead or dying leaves with a sharp knife. Remove any fading flower stalks if present.
Loosen the tangle of roots so the new soil can surround the roots completely. Set the aloe vera plant on the soil with its roots spread out.
Fill the pot the rest of the way with soil, working it in around the aloe vera plant. Check that the crown is level with the soil line. If the crown is under the soil, it will rot. Gently firm down the soil so the aloe vera plant stands up in the soil.
Wait one week before watering the newly planted aloe vera. Give the aloe vera 1 cup of water every two weeks. Place the succulent plant in an area with full sunlight exposure and warm temperatures.