With a simple cut of its pale green leaves, aloe vera oozes thick, cool gel that provides soothing relief for minor cuts and burns making it a favorite for the kitchen. This plump-leaved succulent thrives on a sunny windowsill and requires little care other than occasional watering when the soil dries, and a dose of high phosphorus fertilizer (10-40-10) in the spring. Aloe reproduces by young offsets (tiny plants identical to the parent plant) that form at the base of the plant. When removed, offsets develop into full-sized plants.
Check offsets, called pups, for roots when they are 2 inches high. Roots form on whites nubs near the base of the offset.
Remove the offsets from the base of the plant by cutting it free of the main plant with a sharp knife. Each pup should have two or three roots.
Fill 2 to 4 inch pots with potting soil for succulents.
Plant one offset per pot so the young roots are in the soil and the base of the leaves rest at the soil level. Firmly pack the soil around the roots to secure the plant.
Water the soil using care not to overwater. Aloe suffers in soggy soil. Water only when the soil dries.
Grow in bright indirect light.