Gerbera daisy, also known as transvaal daisy or Gerbera jamesonii, is an herbaceous perennial that is prized for its numerous, colorful flowers and low maintenance. They bloom during summer and fall, producing flowers in shades of red, pink, orange, white and yellow, depending on the variety. Gerbera daisy blossoms are extremely popular cut flowers and last for up to two weeks in a vase. Native to Africa and Asia, gerbera daisies thrive in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11 and make ideal additions to perennial flower beds and cut flower gardens.
Plant gerbera daisies during early spring in a location that consists of well-drained, fertile soil and receives bright morning sun and afternoon shade.
Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of peat moss to the planting site, mixing it in with a garden tiller. Space gerbera daisies 12 to 18 inches apart.
Spread a 1- to 2-inch layer of organic mulch over the ground surrounding gerbera daisies to insulate the soil, improve moisture conservation and stunt the growth of competitive weeds. Do not allow the mulch to touch gerbera daisy's crown, as this can lead to rotting.
Water gerbera daisies once every 10 days during spring, summer and fall, allowing the crown to dry out completely between applications. Reduce the frequency of watering to once every two weeks during winter, when active growth has ceased.
Feed once per month except during the winter using a complete 10-10-10 NPK fertilizer. Water lightly before and after applying to reduce the risk of root burn. Apply as recommended by the manufacturer's instructions.
Replant gerbera daisies once every two years to prevent the crowns from sinking into the soil and rotting. Dig the plant from the soil carefully to avoid damaging the root system. Re-plant in the same location for the best results.