Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) grows naturally in warm, dry regions such as Africa, Asia and parts of southern Europe. This succulent also makes an interesting, attractive houseplant in areas with cooler climates. Closely related to cactus, aloe vera requires similar conditions to thrive. The plants easily propagate through vegetative division but also reproduce through seed production. Propagating aloe vera plants from seeds takes more time and a little more patience than starting new plants from cuttings.
Collect the seeds from a mature aloe vera plant. Separate the seeds from the wilted flowers. Place them on a dry newspaper in a sunny window for two to three days.
Prepare pots with soil for germinating the new seeds. Mix potting soil with equal amounts of sand or commercially prepared cactus medium. Fill small, biodegradable pots with soil to a level slightly below the rims.
Spread six to eight seeds over the top of the soil in each pot. Sprinkle a pinch of sand over the seeds. Gently press the surface of the soil with your fingertips to provide good seed to soil contact.
Mist the surface of the soil with a fine spray until it the soil is evenly damp. Cover the pot with a loose layer of plastic wrap to hold in moisture
Place the aloe vera pots in a warm area with direct sunlight. Keep these seed pots at a temperature between 70 and 90 degrees F. Mist the surface of the soil when it begins to feel slightly dry to maintain a constant level of dampness.
Thin out the seedlings after they reach about 1 inch tall. Remove the smaller, weaker ones to leave only the strongest seedling in each seed pot.
Reduce the amount of water gradually. Allow the soil to dry slightly before applying more water. Pour a slow stream of water on the soil around the plants. Apply enough water to cause slight drainage from the bottoms of the pots.
Transplant the aloe vera plants into larger pots within three to four months of sprouting. Place the biodegradable pots into larger pots with drainage holes, using a cactus medium or equal parts of sand and potting soil. Keep the aloe vera plants in a warm, sunny location.