Pine trees that grow to be hundreds of feet tall are beautiful and spectacular, but are not suitable for many properties. The pine tree family is large and there are varieties that grow to half the height, or even less, of their taller relatives. The climate in Ohio gives the gardener a wide choice of small pine trees to choose from, each one with different features and characteristics.
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) is hardy in all of Ohio. The tree grows from 30 to 40 feet tall with green to blue-green needles up to 4 1/2 inches long that remain on the tree for three years and brown pine cones grow from 3 1/2 to 6 inches long. Plant
Korean pine in full sun or light shade and a soil that is moist to dry.
Bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata) is also known as hickory pine and is hardy in all of Ohio. The tree grows up to 20 feet tall with needles that are dark green on top and white on the bottom, grow up to 1 inch long and stay on the tree for up to 15 years. The pine cones are dark purple and grow up to 3 1/2 inches long. Plant bristlecone pine in full sun and a dry, rocky soil.
Japanese umbrella-pine (Sciadopitys verticillata) is also known as umbrella-pine and is hardy in all of Ohio. The tree grows from 25 to 40 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet wide and produces leaves up to 5 inches long and dark-green needles that stay on the tree for three years. Female flowers grow at the ends of the branches and male flowers grow in clusters. The green pine cones grow from 2 to 4 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide and turn brown when they are mature. Plant Japanese umbrella-pine in full sun and a rich, moist soil.
Lacebark pine (Pinus bungeana) is hardy in all of Ohio and grows from 30 to 40 feet tall and about the same in width. The tree produces medium-green needles that grow from 2 to 4 inches long that stay on the tree for four years and tawny colored, oval-shaped pine cones from 2 to 3 inches long. Plant lacebark pine in full sun or partial shade and a soil that is moist and well-drained.