Kansas peaches must survive winter minimums of minus 20 degrees Fahrenheit, late spring frosts and drying summer winds in order to produce a crop of delicious fruit. The successful peach harvest in Kansas depends upon the hardiness of the peach cultivar as well as correct choice of planting sites. Well-drained soil prevents some problems, but several endemic fungal diseases make short work of any fruit set on the trees unless growers maintain a regular spraying schedule.
Select a well-drained planting site with protection from the wind. Windbreaks such as buildings or rows of evergreen trees on both the north and south sides of peach orchards provide cover from freezing north winds and the drying south winds of Kansas summers.
Plant on a slope, not in a low-lying frost pocket. Peach tree fruit buds may survive the winter cold while dormant but be killed by late spring frosts when the sap begins to flow.
Plant peach trees in early spring in Kansas, during late March or early April when weather begins to warm and the ground dries enough to work.
Dig planting holes 18 inches deep and twice the width of the planting container--or at least 2 feet across for bare-root peach trees. Break up the soil well, removing rocks and roots before refilling the hole.
Place the peach tree in the hole with the graft junction above ground level. Set the tree at the height it grew in the container or the nursery lot. Spread out and layer roots while placing handfuls of soil around the tree. Press gently but don't compact the soil.
Push the stake into the soil about 6 inches from the tree and tie the trunk of the peach tree loosely to it with garden twine.
Soak the planting hole with at least 5 gallons of water to settle the earth and collapse air pockets.
Fertilize with 12-12-12 N-P-K fertilizer one month after planting. Scatter 1/2 cup of the general purpose fertilizer over the root zone, no closer than 6 inches to the trunk.