A gardener need not dedicate a large piece of land to grow whatever he or she desires. A small plot will still produce an abundance of fruit or flowers if the space is maximized to its full potential. Maintenance also consumes less time, thereby providing more opportunity to concentrate on each plant's care.
Keep it Simple
Resist the urge to create an elaborate visual look, grow a multipurpose garden or add several aesthetic pieces to a small plot. Plant a handful of the same types of plants. Don't present a wide range of colors, instead staying within one or two shades.
Meticulously plan before you begin to plant by researching what types of plants you want to grow and how large they can become at maturity. A small vegetable garden, for instance, will have a larger harvest if bigger plants, like sprawling summer squash, are forsaken for smaller plants and dwarf varieties. Select plants that will grow in proportion to the space rather than those that will overwhelm it. Avoid growing only small plants and plants that have a reputation for quickly becoming invasive, such as some herbs and groundcovers.
Go beyond a garden's surface space by using what's above it too. Cultivate plants that grow up rather than across. Plant pole beans that grow several feet tall and are prolific producers. Grow taller tomato varieties that can be staked or caged. Install a trellis or other structure for flower vines, roses and other climbers to grow up.
Make it Distinctive
Simple doesn't have to mean boring. Grow plants that have different, striking foliage and textures. Add potted plants in groupings at corners and along paths. Personalize the space by adding restrained whimsy with mosaic pavers, eye-catching landscape rocks, a small chair and other similar objects. Create a theme with plants, the garden's design and decorative pieces rather than randomly making unrelated choices and additions.
Literally think outside the box by designing a small garden that isn't a basic square or rectangle. Divide the space into "rooms," or sections with plants and man-made materials to make it seem larger. Plant smaller flowering border plants in flowing, curved lines rather than straight rows. Jazz up the entrance with a walkway, arch or gate to draw interest and visitors.