Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) is an herb that is native to southeast Asia. The root is sought after as an herbal supplement. It is a perennial plant that prefers well-drained soil and lots of shade. It grows on the floor of hardwood forests in its native locations. Ginseng seed is normally planted in the fall for the spring growing season. Spring planting can be dangerous for the seeds because of variations in soil conditions (becoming either too wet or too cold). For spring planting, it should be planted by the first week in April.
Prepare a garden bed in a shaded area. Add compost to the garden bed and mix it thoroughly into the soil. This will add necessary nutrients to the soil and help keep it well drained.
Make small holes with your finger one-quarter to one-half inch deep in the garden bed. The holes should be one to six inches apart, and rows should be six to nine inches apart.
Place one seed in each hole. Cover the seed with soil and tamp the soil down. Cover the rows of seeds with straw mulch to protect them from cold and retain moisture. If straw mulch is unavailable, shredded hardwood bark, leaves or weathered bark-sawdust can be used in place of straw.