California lies within USDA hardiness zones of 5a to 11. Most of the state, however, is in zone 9 Perennial plants in zone 9 are good bloomers and have nice foliage. Some of these perennials are able to attract hummingbirds into the landscape. These perennial hummingbird plants of California will all work in the zones listed--good news for the bird lovers.
Pentas, Pentas lanceolata, is from the madder family and can be called star flower or star cluster. It is an easy-to-grow and fast-growing perennial that attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. It has dark green leaves that are fuzzy and lance-like and flowers in the shades of red, pink, white, purple, and lavender. Plant a pentas in fertile moisture retentive soil in sun or shade. Propagate via cuttings and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 8 to 11.
Tubeflower, Clerodendrum indicum, is from the verbena family and can be called skyrocket or Turk's turban. It is a perennial that is a hummingbird and butterfly attractor. It gets 6 to 9 feet tall with 6 to 8 inch long leaves and white tubular flowers in a 2 feet long cluster. Plant a tubeflower in full sun to partial shade in a moist and well-drained soil. Propagate via seed, suckers, or cuttings and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 8 to 11.
Cardinal flower, Lobelia cardinalis, is from the bellflower family and is a perennial that hummingbirds love. It is short lived and will have a 1 to 3 feet tall clump. Leaves are 5 to 7 inches long with summer racemes of 12 inches long and red flowers of 1 to 2 inches long. Plant a cardinal flower in full sun or partial shade in moist soil. Propagate via basal offshoots or seed and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 3 to 10.
Blue Anise Sage
Blue anise sage, Salvia guaranitica, is from the mint family and is also known as anise sage or Brazilian sage. It is a perennial shrub that attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. It has a height of 3 to 5 feet and a width of 3 to 5 feet. Dark green leaves are 2 to 5 inches long. Tubular flowers are in summer and fall, 2 inches long, and in various colors depending on their cultivar. Plant this one in partial shade or full sun with moderate watering. Propagate via cuttings, tip cuttings or semi-hard tip cuttings and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 8 to 11.