How to Construct a Pond


A pond can be a good way to add visual appeal to your landscape or garden. In addition, ponds can help you grow certain water-based plants like lotus, water lilies, and even lucky bamboo, a form of bamboo related to water lilies. In warmer climates, keep fish in your garden pond year-round. In colder climates, you may have to heat the pond in winter or bring the fish inside. Whatever you decide to keep or grow in your pond, the first step is construction.

Step 1

Design the shape of your pond. If you are using a pre-formed, rigid pond liner, this will determine the overall shape of your pond. If you are using rubber flexible pond liner, you will have more options.

Step 2

Dig your pond hole. If you are using a rigid liner, dig the hole slightly larger than the size of the liner. For flexible liners, dig the pond the exact size and depth of the final pond. Dig differing depth layers if using a flexible liner.

Step 3

Put a layer of gravel in the bottom of the hole if using a rigid pond liner. Backfill around the sides of your rigid liner with gravel and sand to support the sides. If you are using a flexible liner, line the hole with a pond underlayment before lining the pond with the rubber pond liner.

Step 4

Install stone or other edging material around the pond and install any accessories, like air systems, filters, or skimmers, according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Step 5

Fill your pond with water. If your municipality has high amounts of chlorine, let the water sit for at least 24 hours before adding plants and fish.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Pond liner (rigid or flexible)
  • Gravel (for rigid)
  • Sand (for rigid)
  • Pond underlayment (for flexible)
  • Border or border rocks


  • The Water Garden: How to Build A Water Garden or Fish Pond
  • Popular Mechanics: Build Your Own Pond
  • This Old House: How to Create a Backyard Pond

Who Can Help

  • How to Build a Pond: How to Build a Pond the Easy Way
Keywords: pond construction, water gardening, outdoor ponds

About this Author

Although he grew up in Latin America, Mr. Ma is a writer based in Denver. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, AP, Boeing, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, RAHCO International, Umax Data Systems and other manufacturers in Taiwan. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota. He speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese, English and reads Spanish.