Flowers for containers need to be hardy enough to take being root bound. Depending on the flower or plant, growing in a container may stunt growth, prevent flowering, or kill the plant altogether. Container gardening is the marriage of the right plant and the right planter together, forming a great way to have a portable garden that can go on patios, decks and more.
Lamb's ear, Stachys byzantina, is from the mint family and also known as wooly betony. It is an easy to grow perennial that is good for containers. Leaves are 2 to 4 inches long, wooly, and grayish green or silvery in color. Flowers are purplish pink and ½ an inch wide. Plant this one in full sun in the north or partial shade in the south in a well drained moist soil. Propagate via root mass division or it may self seed. Grow lamb's ear in USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 7.
Basil, Ocimum basilicum, is from the mint family and is also known as sweet basil or common basil. It is a fragrant annual that is well suited for container gardening. It will get 2 to 3 feet tall with 2 to 4 inch leaves and tiny flowers that are white or purple. It can smell like lemons, cinnamon, or anise depending on the cultivar. Plant this one in full sun or in partial shade if the temperatures are very hot. Soils should be well drained and have regular watering. Propagate via seed and grow as a tender annual in any frost free zone.
Grand Crinum Lily
Grand crinum lily, Crinum asiaticum, is from the amaryllis family and is also known as poison bulb. It is a fragrant evergreen perennial that is drought tolerant. Leaves are dark green, strap-like, and 3 feet long. Flowers are tubular, white, and in clusters. Plant this one in bright sun or partial shade in any type soil that is well drained. Propagate via offset division and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 9 to 11.
Daylily, Hemerocallis hybrids, is from the lily family and is a perennial good for container use. Leaves are strap-like, 10 to 40 inches long, and arching. Flowers open one at a time and are different sizes and colors depending on cultivar. Plant this one in full sun or partial shade in moist soil. Propagate via division and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 2 to 10.
Peppermint, Mentha x piperita, is from the mint family and is a fragrant easy to grow perennial that creeps with 1 ½ to 3 ½ inch leaves. Crushed leaves will smell like menthol and flowers are purplish pink on spikes. Scent will depend on variety. Plant this one in full sun or partial shade in moist poorly drained or well drained soil. Propagate via rhizome division and grow in USDA hardiness zones of 3 to 7.