The jade plant (Crassula argentea) is a low-maintenance succulent that's often kept as a houseplant. These long-living plants can grow into small shrub-like trees and reach up to 5 feet tall, even when grown indoors. Jade plants have tree trunk-like stems with thick branches and bloom during winter with clustered, star-shaped pink or white flowers. The jade plant has fleshy, round or oval leaves that are usually bluish-gray or dark-green and sometimes with red leaf edges. Jade plants enjoy warm temperatures and dry environments.
Place your jade plant in full sunlight or bright, direct light coming through a south-facing window. Provide at least four hours of direct sunlight per day. Maintain air temperatures around your jade plant of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 55 degrees at night. Keep the jade plant away from cold drafts and heating or cooling vents.
Water your jade plant moderately and evenly to moisten the soil two or three times per week during the spring, summer and early autumn. Cut back on watering the jade plant during winter, allowing the soil to dry out before watering the plant. Provide water directly to the potting soil to prevent wetting the leaves.
Apply a liquid all-purpose fertilizer once every three to four months. Follow the dosage instructions on the fertilizer package.
Repot your jade plant in early spring when new growth emerges, only when the plant becomes top-heavy and needs a larger planter pot to avoid falling over. Repot the jade plant with a lightweight, well-draining potting mix, such as one made for cacti, and in a container with drainage holes in the bottom.