Proper Care of Jade Plants

Overview

The jade plant (Crassula argentea) is a low-maintenance succulent that's often kept as a houseplant. These long-living plants can grow into small shrub-like trees and reach up to 5 feet tall, even when grown indoors. Jade plants have tree trunk-like stems with thick branches and bloom during winter with clustered, star-shaped pink or white flowers. The jade plant has fleshy, round or oval leaves that are usually bluish-gray or dark-green and sometimes with red leaf edges. Jade plants enjoy warm temperatures and dry environments.

Step 1

Place your jade plant in full sunlight or bright, direct light coming through a south-facing window. Provide at least four hours of direct sunlight per day. Maintain air temperatures around your jade plant of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 55 degrees at night. Keep the jade plant away from cold drafts and heating or cooling vents.

Step 2

Water your jade plant moderately and evenly to moisten the soil two or three times per week during the spring, summer and early autumn. Cut back on watering the jade plant during winter, allowing the soil to dry out before watering the plant. Provide water directly to the potting soil to prevent wetting the leaves.

Step 3

Apply a liquid all-purpose fertilizer once every three to four months. Follow the dosage instructions on the fertilizer package.

Step 4

Repot your jade plant in early spring when new growth emerges, only when the plant becomes top-heavy and needs a larger planter pot to avoid falling over. Repot the jade plant with a lightweight, well-draining potting mix, such as one made for cacti, and in a container with drainage holes in the bottom.

Tips and Warnings

  • Watch out for mealybugs infesting your jade plant, which appear as tiny white cotton-like spots on the stems and leaves. Wipe off the mealybugs using a cotton ball dipped in rubbing alcohol, but don't use an insecticidal soap on the foliage because it will damage the plant.

Things You'll Need

  • Liquid all-purpose houseplant fertilizer
  • Planter pots
  • Cactus potting mix
  • Cotton balls (optional)
  • Rubbing alcohol (optional)

References

  • Clemson University Extension: Jade Plant
  • The Garden Helper: Growing Jade Plants
Keywords: jade plant care, grow jade plants, maintain Crassula argentea

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.