The rainy climate in Oregon provides an ideal environment for vegetable gardening, but you must seek cold-tolerant varieties if you plan to grow them during the winter. You can grow almost any vegetable in this region as long as it is the correct variety and is planted at the right time. Some of the easiest vegetables to grow in Oregon include onions, potatoes and green beans. Starting with some of these vegetables is ideal for beginning Oregon gardeners.
A warm weather vegetable, green beans flourish in Oregon soil as long as it is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. It doesn't matter if you have a small or large gardening space; the bush variety is for large patches, while pole beans can be grown upward on trellises in smaller spaces. When growing bush beans in Oregon, the best types include Tendercrop, Jade and Oregon Trail. Popular pole bean types include Blue Lake, Cascade Giant and Oregon Giant.
Oregon is known for sweet bulb onions that grow large and crisp quickly in the eastern side of the state. These thrive best in soil that is a pH of 6.5 to 7.0 (add lime to achieve this), plus it should be well-draining and fertile. Popular yellow onion types include Prince and Candy, while the best red onions for Oregon are White Sweet Spanish and Superstar. Walla Walla sweet onions are one of the lowest-maintenance varieties.
Since 1795, Oregon has been known for potatoes. Over 35,000 acres of potatoes are harvested each year from the loamy, moist soil. Some of the best white potato types to grow in the region are Russet Burbank and Goldrush, while popular yellow potatoes are Yukon Gold and Desiree. Yellow varieties are rich and creamy in flavor, hardly requiring any butter or added moisture. Other potato types that flourish in Oregon include pink, red and purple varieties.