Florida provides an ideal environment for gardening year-round, with a subtropical climate that allows fruits and vegetables to flourish, depending on the time of year planted. In southern Florida, temperatures seldom fall below freezing, while in the northern and central regions, some low temperatures in the winter season can kill crops. Pay attention to planting dates as well as your area's USDA hardiness zones, in order to produce the best varieties of fruits and vegetables possible.
Best Fruit Varieties
Florida produces many fruits, from small to large. Small fruits that are ideal to grow in this subtropical climate include berries, such as strawberries, blueberries, huckleberries, grapes and blackberries. Larger fruits like melon, particularly watermelons, flourish in Florida. The state is also known for fruit trees. Citrus, pears, peaches and avocado trees grow well here, depending on the location or variety. Southern Florida grows more fruit than the northern and central regions, since it is warm year-round. These fruits include mango, coconut, banana and papaya.
Best Vegetable Varieties
Almost every vegetable can flourish in Florida; it just depends when it is planted. The best spring garden vegetables include peppers, beans, peas, sweet corn, tomatoes, eggplant and summer squash. The best vegetables for winter gardening in Florida include lettuce, broccoli, white potatoes, mustard, onions, cabbage and carrots.
Best Nut Varieties
Fruits and vegetables aren't the only thing to grow in a Florida garden. Nut trees are also a prominent crop here--particularly chestnut, pecan and walnut in northern Florida and macadamia in the southern regions.