Landscape planning ultimately considers the connectivity of human habitats and living spaces and nature. It deals with the design and use of outdoor, public spaces and can involve environmental, social and political concerns. According to Elsevier, an international journal of landscape ecology, planning and design, landscape planning "is concerned with conceptual, scientific, and design approaches to land use. It emphasizes ecological understanding and a multi-disciplinary approach to analysis, planning and design." Landscape planning is very important to consider in developing land or restoring a city.
As one of the founding members of the American Society of Landscape Architects in 1899, Frederick Law Olmsted was a pioneer in the field of landscape planning. The term "landscape architect" became used after his prominent work designing such landmarks as Central Park in New York City, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, the campus of Stanford University and government buildings such as the U.S. Capitol grounds. His work encompassed a strong foundation of social and political values that defined his career and the unique purpose of landscape planning.
Role of a Landscape Planner
Landscape planners are responsible for designing traditional outdoor spaces such as parks and gardens, educational campuses, and residential and commercial developments. A more recent role in landscape planning has been the restoration of natural environments damaged by human disregard. According to the American Society of Landscape Architects, "appreciation for historic landscapes and cultural resources enables landscape architects to undertake preservation planning projects for national, regional and local historic sites and areas."
According to Elsevier, landscape planning and landscape ecology "examine the various ways humans structure their land use changes." It is important for developed and developing communities to protect their natural resources and environment and manage the land in a sustainable way.
Significance on Other Careers
The career of landscape planning is important to many other job fields. Landscape architects work with governmental offices, architects, city planners and civil engineers to design livable structures for human and environmental sustainability. Landscape architects are responsible for providing for human needs in partnership with making wise use of our environmental resources.
Landscape architects also play a huge role in creating public awareness and understanding of the limited natural resources we enjoy. Organizations such as the American Society of Landscape Architects help to promote the appreciation and integration of human living within a precious natural environment.