Ferns are often used in bridal bouquets to add color and texture. The fresh green color of the foliage adds a touch of nature to the bouquet and contrasts nicely with any flower color, and the linear but lacy patterns of the leaves complement the rounded shape of the blooms. Take both personal preferences and hardiness into account when selecting ferns for your bridal bouquet.
Leatherleaf Fern (Rumohra adiantiformis)
Leatherleaf ferns are sturdy, stiff greens. For this reason, they are often used to frame the flowers of the bridal bouquet. The fronds, which can reach up to 2 feet in length, average around 6 inches across and have an attractive, dark-green color. They are also shiny in appearance, as if they are made of leather. This fern is an excellent choice for any bride who would like to preserve her wedding bouquet, as the leaves are flat and very durable.
Plumosus fern (Asparagus setaceus)
Plumosus ferns are long, delicate-looking ferns often used in cascading bouquets. They are shaped much like leather ferns, with a tapered point, but the fronds, which can reach up to 2 feet in length, are covered with soft, feathery hairs. This gives the fronds a fuzzy, wispy appearance. The light fronds also add movement to the bouquet, as they are not stiff and will waft gently as the bride walks down the aisle. Romantic and beautiful, plumosus ferns are an excellent choice for a traditional wedding.
Tree Fern (Asparagus virgatus)
This feathery but bushy fern is perfect for filling out romantic bouquets. Similar to the plumosus fern in size, color and texture, the tree fern is also flexible and graceful rather than stiff. It also has a freer, less-structured form that the plumosus, which is tapered. For that reason, this fern is often chosen to use in bridal bouquets that are for casual or fun weddings. The foliage looks best when misted and appears dark green in color when fully healthy. Note that tree ferns and plumosus ferns do not preserve well.