Hydroponics is the use of a nutrient solution to provide a plant with the sustenance it needs to survive, without the need for soil. Hydroponics is also used to clone plants. Cloning is the propagation of a plant from a parent plant. Cuttings are taken from a parent plant and placed into a hydroponic system. That creates a perfect copy of the parent plant. Cloning is performed to pass on the traits of a parent plant, such as disease resistance, flower color, or vegetable productions.
Select a healthy shoot from the plant that has leaves. Find a young shoot with as thick a stem as possible to improve chances of propagation.
Cut the shoot with a sharp razor blade, cutting at a 45 degree angle.
Dip a spoon into the rooting hormone gel and dip the end of your shoot into the gel on the spoon. This seals the wound of the shoot and prevents infection.
Place the cutting into your growing medium so that the shoot is a half inch to 1-1/2 inches deep. Water your growing medium until is it moist but not dripping.
Insert your growing medium into a tray and place it under a plastic bag or a humidity dome to keep the cuttings moist and warm. Mist the cuttings with water from a spray bottle every two days. Roots will grow from the cutting between three and 18 days.
Transplant the growing medium from your dome into your hydroponic system. If growing in dirt after the cloning process, carefully break away the growing medium and place the plant directly into the dirt and water.