A benefit of gardening is the variety of cut flowers that you can grow and care for. Cut flowers can be enjoyed in your home. You can add to your income by selling cut flowers at a roadside stand or farmer's market. If you have a substantial garden you can explore opportunities to sell to a wholesale florist in your state.
Cut flowers should be gathered early in the morning when the moisture content is at the highest point. The stems of the plant will be more stable. Cut the stems or stalks with a sharp knife or pruning shears. The stems can be bound together with a string or rubber band. Immerse the stems in a bucket of water that you can carry to your house or workshop. Process the flowers by cutting the stems under water and placing them into a vase or bucket of water. All of your containers should be sterilized with bleach water prior to using them for cut flowers.
Roses and Perennials
Roses, perennials and biennials are ideal for cut flowers. Thorns and excess leaves can be removed before immersing the stems into water. These flowers are best cut with a 12- to- 24 inch stem for floral arrangements, bud vases and table displays. Hydrangea, babies breath, forsythia, sweet William and iris are some of the perennials that work well as cut flowers.
Your wildflower garden is filled with blooms that work well for cut flowers. Black-eyed Susan's, Queen Anne's lace, violets, asters and ripe grasses are attractive bouquets for vase displays. These bouquets can be wrapped and sold at road side stands. They are appropriate flowers for decorative arrangements for a country wedding. Wildflowers can be mixed with garden flowers such as the rose, Sunflower and calendula for stunning arrangements.
Flowering Bulbs and Corms
Spring and summer plants that grow from bulbs and corms give colorful cut flowers for the gardener and serious grower. Daffodils, iris, dahlia, hyacinth, tulips, lilies and gladiolus are popular flowers for floral arrangements and loose vase displays. Spring flowers should be cut when they are still in colored bud form. This gives a longer life to the blossom that will open within hours. Glads should be cut when the first floret opens and the rest of the stalk is still in bud. These sturdy cut flowers work well in wedding arrangements and bouquets, funeral flowers and celebration centerpieces.
Field and Greenhouse Grown
Various regions of the country and world have the soil and growing conditions that promote a thriving crop of certain types of flowering plants. Carnations, orchids, stock, delphinium, stephanotis, daisies, chrysanthemum poms, asters and gerbera daisies are some of the widely used cut flowers that florists sell. A serious gardener will need acreage that can be dedicated to growing large quantities of flowers. The gardener that intends to sell on a wholesale or retail level may need to consider a greenhouse to grow plants for cut flowers in an area where the weather is unpredictable.