Haiti shares the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. After decades of deforestation and environmental degradation, Haiti does not boast the diversity of plant or animal life that the Dominican Republic possesses. Despite this environmental decline and the relative small size of Haiti, three carniverous plants can be found there.
Humped bladderwort (Utricularia gibba) produces yellow flowers, and grows to a height of 2 inches. It thrives in shallow water or mud bogs. The leaves of this plant typically grow underwater, and each leaf contains small bladders that consume tiny swimming creatures such as insects or juvenile fish or worms. When the prey strikes special tickler hairs that surround the bladder, the bladder opens and sucks in the swimmer.
Leafy Bladderwort (Utricularia foliosa), another of the bladderwort family, is an aquatic plant that floats on or near the surface of the water and attracts prey looking to take shelter among its leaves. Like the humped bladderwort, once the hairs lining the bladder are tickled, the bladder opens and sucks in small insects, juvenile fish and worms. These plants grow in water with depths up to 3 feet.
Creole scorzonera (Craniolaria annua) reaches a height of 2 feet. Unlike other carniverous plants in Haiti, the locals consume part of this plant; the Haitian Creole population dehydrates the thick, sweet root and then coats it in sugar to eat as a delicacy.