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How to Plant Dahlia Tubers in Zone 5

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How to Plant Dahlia Tubers in Zone 5

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Overview

Dahlias grow from tubers, which are the same kind of root structures as potatoes. The tubers have eyes (also called buds) from where the plant stems grow. Dahlias are not hardy in USDA Hardiness Zone 5, which means they will not survive your winter months. Therefore, you must wait to plant your dahlia tubers until after the last frost of the season, which may not occur until May in your climate. Then, in the fall after the dahlia foliage dies, dig up the tubers and store them for the winter months to plant them again the following spring.

Step 1

Choose a planting area that is exposed to a minimum of 6 hours of daily sunlight. Dahlias need at least this amount of sunlight in order to thrive no matter what zone it is planted in, including zone 5.

Step 2

Prepare the soil for ideal planting conditions. Turn it over to a depth of about 12 inches with a hoe, garden rake or rototiller. Then, incorporate 2 to 4 inches of organic material, such as compost or aged manure, and 2 to 4 lbs. of balanced fertilizer (e.g., one labeled 8-8-8 or 10-10-10) for every 100 square feet of planting space.

Step 3

Plant the tubers about 6 inches deep. It should be wide enough to lay the tubers on their sides in the holes. Lay the tubers on their sides with the eyes facing up. Separate individual tubers about 18 to 24 inches, but larger dahlias may need more space.

Step 4

Set wooden or plastic stakes on either side of the tubers. Stakes will provide support for the dahlias as they grow and start to bend. Inserting the stakes at a later time may cause damage to the tubers and roots.

Step 5

Backfill the soil over top of the tubers and pack it lightly down. Water the planting site with about 1 to 2 inches of water. You do not need to protect your dahlias with mulch in zone 5.

Things You'll Need

  • Hoe, rake or tiller
  • Organic material (e.g., compost)
  • Fertilizer
  • Stakes
  • Water

References

  • Dahlia.com: Dahlia Growing Tips
  • JRG Dahlias: How to Grow Dahlias

Who Can Help

  • United States Department of Agriculture: Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Keywords: plant dahlia tubers, planting zone 5, dahlias cold climates

About this Author

Melissa Lewis has been a professional writer since 2005. Her work has appeared in various online publications. A former elementary classroom teacher and media specialist, Lewis is also a script writer, with a movie script, "Homecoming," she co-wrote currently in production. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology.