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How to Plant Grapevine Seeds

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How to Plant Grapevine Seeds

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Overview

Grapevines, which are hardy down to USDA zone 3, depending on the specific cultivar, provide more than just ornamental vegetation in a backyard landscape. They also produce a profusion of plump, colorful fruit. Though many garden stores and nurseries sell ready-to-plant grapevine seedlings, sowing grapevine seeds is a cheaper method of starting your own vines.

Step 1

Moisten the peat moss with water so that the moss is moist to the touch but not so wet that it's dripping.

Step 2

Place the peat moss in a plastic bag that seals. Bury the grape seeds in the moss. Seal the bag and put it in your refrigerator. This stratifies the seeds and mimics the coolness of winter, helping to bring the seeds out of dormancy. Leave the seeds in the fridge for 60 days, according to North Dakota State University.

Step 3

Prepare the seed pots while you're waiting for the seeds to stratify. Prepare one quart-size pot for each seed that you want to plant. Fill the pot with sterile potting mix, available from most garden stores. Add enough potting mix so the soil is an inch below the pot's rim.

Step 4

Plant the grapevine seeds after the 60 days of stratification are over. Place one seed in each pot. Since grape seeds need light to germinate, North Dakota University doesn't recommend burying the seeds deep. Instead, simply place the seed on the surface of the potting mix and tap it with your finger to submerge it slightly.

Step 5

Water the pot. Use a spray bottle to mist the soil surface to avoid washing away the soil from around the seed. Mist twice a day or as needed to keep the mix consistently moist. The seed will germinate in three to four weeks.

Tips and Warnings

  • Grapes grown from seeds will not be identical to the grapevine from which the seeds were collected, according to Ohio State University. This is why most grapevines are grown from cuttings or grafting, rather than by planting seeds.

Things You'll Need

  • Peat moss
  • Grape seeds
  • Plastic bag
  • Refrigerator
  • Quart-size pots
  • Sterile potting soil
  • Water spray bottle

References

  • "From Vines to Wines: The Complete Guide to Growing Grapes and Making Your Own Wine"; Jeff Cox; 1999
  • North Dakota State University: Questions on Grapevine
  • Ohio State University: Midwest Grape Production Guide

Who Can Help

  • USDA: Cooperative Extension Offices
  • Farmer's Almanac: Frost Dates
Keywords: grow grape seeds, plant grape seeds, start grape seeds

About this Author

Josh Duvauchelle is an editor and journalist with more than 10 years' experience. His work has appeared in various magazines, including "Honolulu Magazine," which has more paid subscribers than any other magazine in Hawaii. He graduated with honors from Trinity Western University, holding a Bachelor of Arts in professional communications, and earned a certificate in applied leadership and public affairs from the Laurentian Leadership Centre.

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