Instead of growing flowers in pots this year, try using them for a small vegetable garden. Flower pots are available in a range of sizes, so finding one suitable to nearly any vegetable type isn't difficult. Flower pots are small enough to place on an apartment balcony, and attractive enough to place near an entryway. Many vegetables thrive in pots, and even larger plants, such as tomatoes, have dwarf varieties that are well-suited to pot culture.
Fill the flower pot with a moist, lightweight potting mix. Use 1- to 2-gallon pots for leafy greens or dwarf plants, or 5- to 10-gallon pots for large plants such as full-size tomatoes or cabbage.
Plant the vegetable seedlings in the flower pot to the same depth they had in their nursery pots. Dig the hole as deep and slightly wider than the nursery pot. Remove the plant from the nursery pot and set the plant inside the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming it around the plant stem with your hands.
Water the plants immediately after transplanting. Water until the excess moisture drains from the bottom of the container. Water in this manner when ever the soil surface feels dry, which may be daily with potted vegetables. Do not let the plants dry out.
Set the pots in an area that receives full sun, or at least six hours of sunlight a day.
Fertilize vegetables in flower pots every two weeks with a balanced, soluble plant food, or follow the recommendations on the fertilizer label. Begin fertilizing 10 weeks after planting if the potting soil had fertilizer in it, or immediately if the mix did not have fertilizer added.