Green pepper plants are attractive, bright green plants, and the green peppers are sweet and delicious. Green pepper plants are usually started indoors by seed or are purchased from a nursery in the form of young plants. Green pepper plants can be transplanted outdoors any time after all danger of frost has passed in your area, and nighttime temperatures are consistently above 55 F. Green peppers are tender plants that won't tolerate cold weather, and the plants won't grow well in damp, cold soil.
Cultivate the soil before transplanting green pepper plants. Use a spade or hoe to work the soil to a depth of at least 6 to 8 inches. Remove large dirt clods and rocks.
Use a trowel to dig a hole for each green pepper plant, allowing 18 to 24 inches between each plant. Plant the green pepper in the hole, and fill the hole with reserved soil. Tamp the soil lightly around the roots, using your hands or the trowel.
Water the pepper plants immediately. After planting, the soil should be kept slightly moist at all times. Green peppers only require a small amount of water, but the plants should be watered uniformly.
Fertilize the green pepper plants after transplanting, using a teaspoon of 5-10-10 granular fertilizer per plant. Sprinkle the fertilizer around each plant, then water the fertilizer into the soil. Avoid getting fertilizer on the foliage.
Spread organic mulch, such as straw or grass clippings, around the green pepper plants, but don't pile it over the plants. Mulch will help to keep the roots warm, retain moisture and deter weeds.