Growing fruit trees at home provides you with fresh-picked fruits to eat. Fruit trees also can add beauty to your landscape with colorful, fragrant blossoms and attractive foliage. Fruit trees come in many sizes and shapes, including dwarf varieties to fit small areas. Plan ahead so your fruit trees will grow in the right location and have plenty of room to thrive. Grow fruit trees suited for your climate, and choose enough varieties of each for cross-pollination.
Select an area to grow your fruit trees that provides full sun and well-drained soil. Consider the mature sizes of your fruit trees and how much room is needed for each.
Clear the planting sites of all plants, rocks, debris and branches, and dig holes with a shovel for each fruit tree at the same depth as the container and two times wider.
Carefully remove your fruit trees and check their roots. Loosen or untangle roots, and cut off any that are damaged or broken, using clean, sharp scissors.
Place each tree in its hole, spreading the roots out. Make sure the graft union--the bump on the lower part of the trunk--is a few inches above ground level.
Backfill the hole halfway with soil, using a hoe, and pat down the soil to get rid of all air pockets. Fill the hole completely and saturate with water. Add more soil after watering, if needed to cover the root ball.
Create a watering ring around each planting hole by using the leftover dirt to construct a low "wall" of a few inches in a circle around each tree. Make the circle about a foot from the tree trunk.
Cover an area extending 3 feet from the trunk with 3 to 6 inches of mulch. Keep the mulch 6 inches away from the tree trunks. Mulch will prevent weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
Apply 10-10-10 fertilizer around the area of your fruit trees two weeks after planting as directed on the package, and saturate the area with water to push the fertilizer into the soil. Reapply the fertilizer six and 10 weeks after planting.
Prune your trees regularly according to their type. Apples and pears typically are trained as central leader. Stone fruit trees, such as plums and peaches are normally trained as open-center.