Kinds of American Flowers

Exotic tropical plants often steal the glory in the plant world, cultivated for their showy blossoms and unusual foliage. Plants from the United States, however, have their own unique beauty. Encompassing numerous climates and regions ranging from the Sierra Mountain range to the deserts of the Southwest, there are many kinds of lovely American flowers to cultivate.

California Poppy

The California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) is a perennial plant that can be found throughout the western United States, particularly in California where the plant is the state flower. California Poppies have rich green-blue foliage and silky, orange bell-shaped flowers. These hardy flowers are extremely drought tolerant and can be found along dusty roadsides on the West Coast. The flowers are easily cultivated, tolerating well drained or poor soils and thriving in full sunlight.

Indian Blanket

Native to the prairies of the United States, Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella), also called Blanket Flower, is a colorful, summer-blooming perennial that produces daisy-like flowers in a spectrum of yellows and reds. Blanket Flower is a hardy plant that grows in full sun locations in well-drained soil. The plant can sometimes be seen along roadsides throughout hot, arid regions of the United States. Blanket Flowers make excellent cut flowers and will last up to a week in water.

Desert Mariposa Lily

Desert Mariposa Lily (Calochortus kennedyi), or Desert Butterfly Lily, is a flowering perennial that can be found throughout the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts of the American Southwest. The plant grows in the wild in open woodlands and open areas of desert brushes. The flowers of the Desert Marisposa are a silky red or orange, and flowers growing at high elevations are often a deep yellow. The plant has long, gray leaves and a shrub-like appearance. As a Desert Plant, the Mariposa Lily requires hot temperatures, full sun and well-drained, sandy soils.

Keywords: American flowers, United States, American plants

About this Author

Michelle Wishhart is a writer based out of Astoria, Ore. She has been writing professionally for five years, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for an alternative weekly paper in Santa Cruz. She has a B.A. in fine arts from the University of California in Santa Cruz and a minor in English literature.