How to Take Care of Different Inside Plants


Houseplants not only offer a serene setting, they help scrub the air of its pollutants and impurities. These plants offer a visual impact and can be a centerpiece for attention. Though many houseplants are easily care for, most have their individual requirements and needs. Failure to meet those individual requirements can lead to certain injury and even death of plants.

Step 1

Keep the indoor plants in well-drained potting containers. Ensure that the potting container contains several drainage holes at the bottom to allow the excess water to flow freely. Use nutrient-rich potting soil mixed with equal amounts of perlite and organic compost to promote improved aeration and water retention.

Step 2

Water houseplants based on their needs rather than a schedule. Irrigate shallow rooted plants more frequently than deeply roots ones. Check the soil's moisture levels before each watering. Irrigate the plant only when the soil's moisture feels somewhat dry. Never allow the plant to dry out completely.

Step 3

Irrigate the plants thoroughly to ensure even moisture levels throughout the soil. Water the plant until the excess water flows from the drainage system. Use a watering can with a fine water flow to avoid disturbing the plant's soil during irrigation.

Step 4

Feed the houseplants with a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer during the growing season. Select an all-purpose fertilizer such as an 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 combination. Use the fertilizer at half strength. Never apply more than the recommended amounts as this will cause root burn and other fertilizer injuries.

Step 5

Keep the houseplants in warm, sunny locations that receive at least six hours of partially shaded to full sunlight each day. Avoid areas with extreme temperature changes, such as cool drafts, heating vents and air conditioners.

Step 6

Dust the plants regularly to reduce the potential for air-borne fungal diseases. Mist the foliage of the plants with clean water to maintain humidity levels.

Step 7

Prune houseplants to maintain vigor. Remove any dead, dying or wilted foliage, stems and branches. Use sharp, sterile pruning shears or scissors to complete the cut. Make angular pruning cuts to promote rapid healing.

Things You'll Need

  • Potting container
  • Soil
  • Organic compost
  • Perlite
  • Water
  • Fertilizer
  • Duster
  • Misting bottle
  • Pruning shears or scissors


  • NDSU: Houseplants Proper Care and Management of Pest Problems
  • Purdue University Cooperative Extension: Indoor Plant Care
  • Plant Care: Indoor Plants -- Clean Air
Keywords: houseplant care, water houseplants, prune houseplants

About this Author

Charmayne Smith is a business professional and freelance writer. She has worked in management for successful organizations since 1994. Smith draws on her business background to write articles, and her work has appeared in a variety of online outlets. She holds a degree in business from Cleveland State University.