Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) are flowering trees that are part of the Cornaceae (Dogwood) plant family. They are popular all over North America and notable for their spring blooms. Dogwood trees flower with pleasant white blooms and are relatively small in size. The trees grow to about 30 feet tall and about 35 feet wide.
Dogwood trees have attractive white flowers that cluster and have four petals (pink or white). The leaves of dogwood trees are a vibrant green and turn both purple and red during autumn. The trees produce red fruit shaped similarly to footballs that are approximately 1/2 inch in length.
Dogwood trees thrive on partial shade but also can manage full sun. Full sun is optimal in northern regions. In hotter climates in the South, partial shade is better for dogwood trees. During times of drought, dogwood trees require watering, but regular dry periods are fine.
Dogwood trees can adapt to various different types of soils. Despite this, their natural soil is fertile, acidic and moist, with an abundance of organic matter. Dogwood trees never appear in locations with poorly drained soil (such as the woods), as that causes them to die. They require good soil drainage but defense from drought.
Diseases and Pests
Some diseases that can be problematic for dogwood trees include leaf blight, dogwood blight, powdery mildew and cankers. In times of wet weather, dogwood trees also might experience small pests, known as twig borers, that can lead to infestation.
Dogwood trees are popular landscape plants. Some well-known varieties of dogwood trees include white and pink dogwoods, Kousa (Cornus kousa), Cherokee Princess and Cherokee Chief (Cornus florida var. rubra).