Spring bulbs are usually the first flowers to bloom in spring, reminding us that winter is almost over and the weather will soon be warm. There are many types of spring bulbs, including tulips, daffodils, crocus, snowdrops and hyacinths. All need a period of stratification to bloom, meaning you should to plant the spring bulbs in the fall.
According to the University of Maine, you should choose spring bulbs that are large, firm and have no mold on them. Do not choose bulbs that are squishy or too small--they may not bloom.
Select a site that has full sun and well-drained soil; bulbs planted in poorly drained soil will rot in the ground. Plant spring bulbs in the fall before winter sets in. They will then have proper cold stratification, and you'll just have to wait for them to bloom come spring. The University of North Carolina recommends waiting until the soil temperature is below 60 degrees F to plant your spring bulbs. Plant small bulbs 5 inches deep and large bulbs 8 inches deep, with the pointed end facing up. Space small bulbs 2 inches apart and large bulbs 6 inches apart.
Fertilize the bulbs with 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer at the time of planting and again the spring as they bloom. Allow the soil to dry out between each watering; don't overwater. According to the University of Minnesota you can cut off any spent blooms as they fade, but allow the rest of the bulb's foliage to die back naturally. Once the bulbs die back, you can leave them in the ground to rebloom next spring, although they will need dividing every three to four years.