The different grape cultivars offer fresh fruit for making jellies, juices and wine production. Plant grape cuttings in the late fall for a healthy root system to develop before the natural growing season. The grape vines grown will produce an abundant crop in two years.
Wait until fruit production has ended for the growing season and remove the grapes and any remaining leaves. Locate healthy second- or third-year canes from which to take cuttings.
Use pruning shears to cut grape vine cuttings from established vines only as thick as a pencil. Make certain the cuttings have at least three buds at the top middle and bottom of the cuttings. Cut the top of the grape vine at an angle and the basal end (the bottom) of the vine straight across.
Dig a trench at least 6 inches deep in soil with good drainage. Set the grape cuttings standing up, with the basal end down, directly in the trench. Space the cuttings at least 6 inches apart.
Fill the trench with soil so the middle bud is covered by the soil and the top bud is just above the soil line. Tamp the soil around the grape cuttings into place to remove any air pockets.
Water the newly planted cuttings so the soil is moist but not saturated. Cover the exposed grape cuttings with mulch, if desired, to protect them from cold temperatures and frost damage.
Uncover the grape cuttings in early spring after any damage from frost has passed. Transplant the grape vines into their permanent location while the vines are still dormant to ensure healthy growth for the season.