Bougainvillea is a tropical plant discovered by Admiral Louis de Bougainville in 1768. The Bougainvillea plants are actually vines that have colorful paper-like flowers. The most commonly seen flower colors are white, red, orange, and purple. The Bougainvillea plant with thrive if its few simple requirements are met.
Plant your Bougainvillea plant in a soil that drains well. If you are placing your Bougainvillea plant in a pot, place a single layer of rocks at the bottom of the pot for additional drainage.
Water your Bougainvillea plant so that the soil stays moist, but not soaking wet. Water the plant more often in the summertime because the heat in addition to the sun's rays will dry up the water more quickly. Do not let your Bougainvillea's soil completely dry out.
Add a 6-8-10 fertilizer to your Bougainvillea's soil each month. This type of soil will keep the nitrogen at an optimal level for your Bougainvillea plant to thrive.
Give your Bougainvillea plant access to sunlight. Your Bougainvillea plant can live in the shade, but it will not be as full and vibrant. To get the best results, allow your Bougainvillea plant soak up sun for at least five hours out of each day.
Bring your Bougainvillea plant indoors once temperatures begin to drop below 60 degrees F. Bougainvillea plants are tropical plants that enjoy warmer temperatures.