Buffalo grass is an excellent grass choice for Nebraska. It is a warm season grass, which means it grows most actively in the warm summer months. It is native to the Great Plains. The benefit of buffalo grass is that its root system grows much deeper than the other predominant grass in Nebraska. Its root system will grow down to 3 feet or more. This means irrigation is almost never needed to maintain a healthy lawn. Plant this grass in early June to achieve maximum germination.
Rototill the soil to a depth of 18 to 24 inches.
Rake the soil to level any lumps or bumps. Fill a lawn roller with water and roll the entire planting area. It should be firm enough that when walked upon, you do not sink in more than a half-inch.
Fill a broadcast spreader with starter fertilizer. Apply the fertilizer over the entire planting area at a rate of 1 lb of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.
Seed the planting area with 1 to 2 lbs of buffalo grass seed per 1,000 square feet. A broadcast spreader will help distribute the seed fast and efficiently.
Rake the seeds into the top 3/4-inch of soil with a garden rake. This will ensure great seed to soil contact.
Set up lawn sprinklers and run them 1 to 2 times a day for 5 to 10 minutes per watering. The goal is to keep the seedbed moist until the grass germinates. If the soil is getting too moist or drying out, adjust the irrigation time accordingly.
Reduce the irrigation of the buffalo grass gradually over the summer and discontinue it entirely by the end of summer. It goes dormant by late September or October.
Mow the grass to a height of 2 to 3 inches. Mow often enough that you aren't removing more than one-third of the grass blade. Frequent mowing will help control annual weeds as well as help you maintain a healthy stand of grass.