According to master gardeners at the University of Nevada, food travels an average of 1,500 miles before we finally consume it. That alone is reason enough to want to grow your own fresh vegetables. While vegetable gardening in Nevada can be a challenge, you can grow many different crops including peppers. There is little difference in how you will care for the pepper plant from Northern Nevada to Southern Nevada, but planting times vary. Northern Nevada gardeners need to get pepper plants in the ground in May, while planting takes place in March, April or May in Southern Nevada.
Water the pepper plant deeply once a week in Northern Nevada. A soaker hose works well for this. Allow it to drip slowly for an hour. In Southern Nevada keep an eye on the soil and water when it appears to be drying.
Support heavy pepper plants by staking them. Drive the stake 6 inches from the plant and use soft material strips to tie the plant to the stake.
Apply mulch to the soil around the base of each pepper plant to keep it cool. This is especially important in Southern Nevada, where summer temperatures can exceed 115 degrees F.
Provide some type of shade for the pepper plants if temperatures in your area of Nevada surpass 90 degrees F. Horticulturists with the Nevada Cooperative Extension warn that buds and blossoms will drop at this temperature or higher. Larger garden centers in the area sell plant awnings.
Mist the pepper plants several times a day during the heat of the Nevada summer. The additional humidity will help guard against blossom drop.
Fertilize the pepper plants with a 5-10-10 formula when the peppers are roughly the size of a cherry tomato. Apply at a rate of 3 pounds for every 100 square feet of garden area, according to the instructions on the fertilizer package. Always water before fertilizing.